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1962
China gained control from India of the northeast region of Kashmir known as Aksai Chin.
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1962
The Chinese exacted control over western Tibet and many nomad refugees fled to Ladakh.
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1962
The northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, twice the size of Switzerland, was closed to foreign tourists, due to the border war with China. It re-opened in 1993.
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1963 Mar 13
China invited Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to visit Peking.
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1963
Pan Tianshou, traditional-style painter, created "Red Lotus."
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1964 Feb 9
The U.S. embassy in Moscow was stoned by Chinese and Vietnamese students.
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1964 Mar 15
Cambodia was receiving military aid from Communist China.
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1964 Oct 16
Red China detonated its first atomic bomb and became the world's 4th nuclear power.
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1964
China launched its Dongfeng ballistic missile.
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1964
The US used an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) called the Firebee, a small jet-powered drone, for taking photographs over China. It was launched from another plane and released a parachute upon return for pickup by a helicopter. It was later used in the Vietnam war.
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1964
In India the Communist Party split over India’s war with China.
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1965 Sep 9
Tibet was made an autonomous region of China.
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1965 Nov 17
General Meeting of UN refused admittance of China.
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1965 Nov
Yao Wenyuan (1931-2005), one of China’s Gang of Four, published a piece titled “On the New Historical Beijing Opera ‘Hai Rui Dismissed from Office.” It was a 10,000 word diatribe against the popular play.
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1965
The Gang of Four included Wang Hongwen, Yao Wen-yuan, Zhang Chunqiao (1917-2005) and Mao Zedong’s third wife, Jiang Qing. All four were relatively low-ranking members of the Communist party, albeit favored by Mao. Beginning around 1965, they were able to manipulate the media and youth to leverage their positions over party moderates, such as Deng Xiaoping. Mao’s death in 1976 ended their influence and led to their imprisonment and trial in 1980-81 for their role in the Cultural Revolution.
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1965
Chinese military researchers isolated artemisinin, a compound based on sweet wormwood, and found to be very effective against malaria.
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1965
In China the local government of Pingyang, near the southern provincial capital of Nanning, built a smelting factory for lead and antimony. For decades the waste was discarded in piles near farmland, where rains washed the metals into fields and ponds used to water crops. Villagers later tested for extremely high levels of lead, cadmium and other metals. The factory was torn down in 2004.
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1965
China began the construction of a subway system in Beijing. The first line of 17 miles began regular service in 1981. By 2008 the subway network boasted 8 lines over 120 miles.
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1966 May 16
Mao exploited his cult status as Communist China's "red, red sun" and urged young Chinese to revolt against traditional culture and leaders. The country descended into the ideological frenzy of the Cultural Revolution. Teenagers armed with red booklets of Mao's speeches battled one another and dispatched millions to the countryside. Many "capitalist roaders" were hounded to death. The Cultural Revolution was a radical upheaval of Chinese society initiated by Chinese leader Mao Zedong. Mao, fearing his influence fading, chose to promote the movement, which amounted to anarchy and terror erupting in China’s urban centers. In doing so, he circumvented his designated successors with individuals committed to his vision, including the Gang of Four.
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1966 Jun
Radicals hounded Peng Zhen from office as mayor of Beijing under charges that he had transformed Beijing into a personal empire in opposition to Mao’s policies.
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1966 Aug 31
In China a response to Mao’s call for a Cultural Revolution led to a massacre in Hongsheng, one of 13 communes in Beijing’s Daxing district, that left 110 people dead. The official death toll for all 13 communes was put at 324. Over 2 weeks some 2,000 Beijing residents were killed.
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1966
William Hinton (1919-2004) authored “Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village.”
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1966
Lao She (b.1899), author, committed suicide. His work included the play "Teahouse" and the novel "Rickshaw Boy."
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1966
1976
The period of Mao’s "Cultural Revolution." Scholars later believed that over 1 million people were killed or driven to suicide in China during this period. In 1986 Tang Tsou, Univ. of Chicago Prof., authored "The Cultural Revolution and Post-Mao Reforms: A Historical Perspective." In 2016 Frank Dikotter authored “The Cultural Revolution” A people’s History 1962-1976.”
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1966
Chen Mengjia (b.1911), Chinese poet, oracle-bone scholar and spiritual opponent of the Communist’s simplification of the writing system, committed suicide.
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1967 Jun 17
China detonated its 1st hydrogen bomb and became the world's 4th thermo-nuclear power.
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1967 Aug 7
A speech by Wang Li to the Red Guards led their violent takeover of the Foreign Ministry building. In the weeks that followed they rampaged among foreign diplomats and often beat envoys.
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1967 Aug 22
The British Mission in Beijing surrendered to the Red Guards.
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1967 Sep
The government delegations of China, Tanzania and Zambia held talks in Beijing and formally signed the "Agreement of the Government of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania and the Government of the Republic of Zambia on the Construction of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway".
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1967 Oct 17
Aisin-Gioro Henry Puyi (61), the last emperor of China, died of cancer. Official reports said his death occurred while under persecution from ultra-leftists of the Cultural Revolution.
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1967
1982
Wang Li, close associate to Mao Zedong, was jailed. He had been deputy editor-in-chief of the party magazine, Red Flag, and was accused of inciting the Red Guards to violence.
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1967
Liu Shaoqi (d.1969), president of China since 1959, and his wife Wang Guangmei were put under house arrest in Beijing. The couple were soon separated and imprisoned. Liu died in prison. Wang Guangmei (d.2006) spent nearly 12 years in prison before she was released in 1979.
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1968 Oct 31
Liu Shaoqi (1898-1968), president of China since 1959, was ousted.
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1968
Chuang Hua (1931-2000), the pen name of Stella Yang Copley, authored her novel “Crossings,” an experimental novel on the life of a first generation Chinese-American woman.
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1968
China established a research center to prepare for manned space flight, with 1973 target date for launch. Program later canceled because of lack of money and political support.
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1969 Mar 2
Chinese and Russian soldiers clashed on Damansky Island and approximately 70 died. The Soviet and Chinese border troops had been skirmishing since 1959 along the 2,500 mile border. Recent skirmishes were along the Ussuri River border. The Soviets used a full scale tank assault to repulse a Chinese attack on the island of Damansky. A border treaty in the 1990s gave the island to China.
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1969 Mar 15
A violent Chinese-Russian border dispute left 100s dead.
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1969 Apr 1
Lin Biao (1907-1971) was named Mao's constitutional successor. Chinese historical accounts later said Biao showed his true nature two years later as a murderous opportunist obsessed with seizing power.
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1969 Jun 11
Soviet and Chinese troops clashed on Sinkiang border.
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1969 Nov 12
Liu Shaoqi (b.1898), former Chinese president (1959-1968), died after being tortured in prison.
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1969
In Cuba Christmas was dropped as a holiday by the Castro government.
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1970 Jan 5
In China a 7.7 earthquake in Yunnan province killed over 15,000 people and was covered up by authorities amid the chaos of the cultural revolution.
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1970 Apr 24
China launched its 1st satellite, known as China 1 or Mao 1, to orbit on a Long March rocket. It kept transmitting a song, "The East is Red." China became the fifth country to launch a satellite into space, sending up the Dongfanghong-1, which means "The East is Red."
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1970 Oct 13
Canada established diplomatic relations with China.
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1970 Oct
China began construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
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1970 Nov 20
UN General Assembly accepted membership of the People’s Republic of China.
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1970
Cambodia's Prince Norodom Sihanouk fled to China and began compiling his Bulletin Mensuel de Documentation (Monthly Documentation Bulletin). The bulletin continued on an off thru 2003.
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1970
China established relations with Ethiopia.
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1970
Wang Jinxi (47), icon of Chinese communism, died. Known as the “iron man,” he helped turn Daqing into China’s biggest oil production center.
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1970
1980
Some 94% of China's villagers were covered by cooperative medical schemes. But the collectives were disbanded during market reforms of the 1980s which ended cradle-to-grave welfare for the masses.
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1970
China opened its Sandaoling coal mine on the edge of Xinjiang province.
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1971 Apr 10
The American table tennis team arrived in China.
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1971 Apr 14
President Nixon ended a blockade against People's Republic of China.
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1971 Apr
The world table tennis championship was held in Japan. Zhuang Zedong (d.2013 at 72) of China met Glenn Cowan of Santa Monica and their friendship inspired Chairman Mao to invite the American team to China thus starting ping-pong diplomacy.
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1971 Jul 9
Henry Kissinger secretly visited China and met with Premier Zhou Enlai.
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1971 Jul 15
President Nixon announced he would visit the People's Republic of China to seek a "normalization of relations."
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1971 Sep 13
Lin Biao (b.1907) died in a plane crash in Mongolia as he was trying to flee to the Soviet Union after the unsuccessful plot to assassinate Mao. He was once designated as Mao's "closest comrade in arms" and hand-picked to be the chairman's successor.
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1971 Oct 25
The UN General Assembly voted to admit the People’s Republic of China and expel Nationalist China (Taiwan).
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1971 Nov 23
The People's Republic of China was seated in the UN Security Council. The UN vote to admit was Oct 25.
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1972 Feb 17
President Nixon departed on his historic 10-day trip to China.
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