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1970 Jan 5
In China a 7.7 earthquake in Yunnan province killed over 15,000 people and was covered up by authorities amid the chaos of the cultural revolution.
Links: China, Earthquake, Disaster     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Apr 24
China launched its 1st satellite, known as China 1 or Mao 1, to orbit on a Long March rocket. It kept transmitting a song, "The East is Red." China became the fifth country to launch a satellite into space, sending up the Dongfanghong-1, which means "The East is Red."
Links: China, Space     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Oct 13
Canada established diplomatic relations with China.
Links: Canada, China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Oct
China began construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
Links: China, Tanzania, Zambia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Nov 20
UN General Assembly accepted membership of the People’s Republic of China.
Links: China, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1970
Cambodia's Prince Norodom Sihanouk fled to China and began compiling his Bulletin Mensuel de Documentation (Monthly Documentation Bulletin). The bulletin continued on an off thru 2003.
Links: China, Cambodia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
China established relations with Ethiopia.
Links: China, Ethiopia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
Wang Jinxi (47), icon of Chinese communism, died. Known as the “iron man,” he helped turn Daqing into China’s biggest oil production center.
Links: Oil, China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
1980
Some 94% of China's villagers were covered by cooperative medical schemes. But the collectives were disbanded during market reforms of the 1980s which ended cradle-to-grave welfare for the masses.
Links: China, Medical     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
China opened its Sandaoling coal mine on the edge of Xinjiang province.
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1971 Apr 10
The American table tennis team arrived in China.
Links: USA, China, Tennis     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Apr 14
President Nixon ended a blockade against People's Republic of China.
Links: USA, China, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Apr
The world table tennis championship was held in Japan. Zhuang Zedong (d.2013 at 72) of China met Glenn Cowan of Santa Monica and their friendship inspired Chairman Mao to invite the American team to China thus starting ping-pong diplomacy.
Links: USA, China, Japan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jul 9
Henry Kissinger secretly visited China and met with Premier Zhou Enlai.
Links: USA, China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jul 15
President Nixon announced he would visit the People's Republic of China to seek a "normalization of relations."
Links: USA, China, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1971 Sep 13
Lin Biao (b.1907) died in a plane crash in Mongolia as he was trying to flee to the Soviet Union after the unsuccessful plot to assassinate Mao. He was once designated as Mao's "closest comrade in arms" and hand-picked to be the chairman's successor.
Links: China, Air Crash     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Oct 25
The UN General Assembly voted to admit the People’s Republic of China and expel Nationalist China (Taiwan).
Links: China, Taiwan, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Nov 23
The People's Republic of China was seated in the UN Security Council. The UN vote to admit was Oct 25.
Links: China, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Feb 17
President Nixon departed on his historic 10-day trip to China.
Links: USA, China, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Feb 21
Pres. Nixon began his visit to China as he and his wife arrived in Shanghai. He was the 1st US president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the US. He brought along a bottle of Schramsberg sparkling wine from California.
Links: USA, China, Wine, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972 Feb 22
President Nixon met with Mao Tse-tung in Peking and Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing. In 2006 Margaret McMillan authored “Seize the Hour: When Nixon Met Mao.”
Links: USA, China, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Feb 28
President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai signed the Shanghai Communique at the Jin Jiang Hotel Assembly Hall on the last night of Nixon’s visit.
Links: USA, China, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Mar 12
The U.K. and China agreed to establish a full diplomatic relationship. China, newly admitted to the UN, said it wanted Hong Kong back.
Links: Britain, China, Hong Kong     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Apr 16
The Republic of China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing (d.1999) and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
Links: USA, China, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Sep 28
Japan and Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
Links: China, Japan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972 Nov 22
US Pres. Nixon ended a 22 year travel ban to China. The ban had been put in place on February 8, 1963.
Links: USA, China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972
Chen Yifei (b.1946), Shanghai born artist, painted "Eulogy of the Yellow River," as China’s Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. From 1980 to 1996 he worked in the US and became known as the Norman Rockwell of China.
Links: Artist, China, Environment     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972
The documentary film "Chung Kuo China" was directed by Michelangelo Antonioni at the behest of the Chinese government during the cultural revolution.
Links: China, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972
The Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. Toxins from cities and factories continued to make the river unfit for irrigation and human use along much of its route.
Links: China, Environment     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972
1974
Ji Pengfei (1910-2000) served as China’s foreign minister. He later headed the committee that drafted the Basic Law, a mini-constitution for Hong Kong after the 1997 handover.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972
1974
The Dalai Lama urged Tibetan fighters to return to India. Many committed suicide rather than give up the fight against Chinese rule.
Links: China, Tibet     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Feb 22
The United States and Communist China agreed to establish liaison offices.
Links: USA, China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Nov 10
In China Henry Kissinger (b.1923) briefed Zhou Enlai (1898-1976) in the Great Hall of the People about the Soviets and said that it was in the interests of the US to prevent a Soviet nuclear attack on China.
Links: Russia, USA, China, USSR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Nov 14
In China Henry Kissinger and Zhou Enlai agreed to provide China with satellite intelligence on Soviet military buildup "in a manner so that no one feels we are allies."
Links: Russia, USA, China, USSR, Espionage     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973
Jean Pasqualini (1926-1997) authored "Prisoner of Mao" with journalist Rudolph Chelminski. He told of his 7 years in China as a political prisoner in a labor camp. He was born in Beijing to a Corsican father and Chinese mother, Mr. Pasqualini was educated in French and British schools in Tianjin and Shanghai. His Chinese name was Bao Ruowang.
Links: France, China, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1973
The Organization of Chinese Americans was founded.
Links: USA, China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Jan 17
1974 Jan 19
China occupied the Paracel Islands following the Battle of Hoang Sea, a bloody skirmish with Vietnam. Dozens of South Vietnamese sailors drowned in a vain attempt to stop China’s annexation of the Paracel archipelago.
Links: China, Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Feb 4
Mao Tse-tung proclaimed a new "cultural revolution" in China.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
Columnist Jack Anderson blew the cover of CIA agent James Lilley, attached to the US representative office in Beijing. In 2004 James and Jeffrey Lilley authored “China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage and Diplomacy in Asia.”
Links: USA, China, CIA, Journalism     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
In China Wan Xizhe wrote an anti-government petition and was sent to prison for 14 of the next 19 years for his campaign for democracy and human rights.
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1974
In China the Li Yi Zhe manifesto attacked communist privileges and corruption.
Links: China, Corruption     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
Mao launched the “Learn from Dazhai” campaign. The Chinese agricultural settlement at Dazhai was set up as a Communist utopia and peasants were encouraged to plow deep.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
Deaths from cancer began to escalate in the village of Dragon Range in the mountains of Central China. Tests in 2000 showed high levels of lead and arsenic from 4 factories in a nearby valley.
Links: China, Cancer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
In China an ancient terracotta army created by Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor (221-206BC) was discovered by a peasant digging a well. It represented one of the greatest archaeological finds of modern times, and was listed as a World Heritage Site in 1987. Archeologists continued to unearth terracotta figurines from the site into 2012.
Links: China, Archeology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Apr 5
Chiang Kai-shek (87), Chinese statesman and president of the Republic (1943-1950) and President of the Republic of China, Taiwan (1950-1975), died at age 87. Madame Chiang Kai-shek (Soong Mayling) moved to New York following her husband's death. In 1982 Sterling Seagrave authored "The Soong Dynasty." In 2009 Jay Taylor authored “The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China.”
Links: China, Taiwan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1975 Jul 1
Thailand and China signed a formal agreement on diplomatic relations.
Links: China, Thailand     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Jul 11
Archaeologists unearthed an army of 8,000 life-size clay figures created more than 2,000 years ago for the Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi (Shihuangdi). [see 210BC] Villagers had uncovered the first of the figures in 1974.
Links: China, Archeology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Aug 7
In China a dam collapse in Henan province killed tens of thousands of people. The event was covered up for many years. A typhoon from the South China Sea brought three successive days of enormous rain storms to the area of southern Henan Province. Altogether 62 dams failed in one night, including two major dams. As a result of this catastrophe 85,600 people died according to the official government figures but others place the toll at 230 thousand.
Links: China, Disaster     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
In China Mou Qizhong co-authored the book "Whither China" that criticized the Cultural Revolution and earned him a four-year prison term.
Links: China, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
Aides of Chairman Mao ordered pieces of white porcelain dappled with pink plum and peach blossoms to gain his favor. They were made at the Ceramics Industry Research Institute in southern Jiangxi province. In 1986 there was an auction in Beijing that drew about $1 million for 87 of the pieces.
Links: China, Ceramics     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1975
In China Yu Qiuli was appointed Vice-Minister of Metallurgy.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
Chen Xilian (d.1999 at age 84) was named vice-premier of China. He resigned after 5 years to make way for economic reformers favored by Deng Xiaoping.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
Jiang Hua (d.1999 at 93) was appointed president of China’s Supreme People's Court.
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1975
Hong Kong established China’s first reserve to protect migrating shore birds at Mai Poi.
Links: China, Hong Kong, Birds     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
China’s First Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping (1904-1997) ordered the army to crackdown on a Muslim village in Yunnan province. This resulted in some 1,600 deaths including 300 children.
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1976 Jan 8
Chou En-lai (78), Chinese premier (1949-1976), died in Beijing.
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1976 Feb 27
The final meeting between Mao tse Tung and Richard Nixon took place.
Links: USA, China, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Apr 7
China's leadership deposed Deputy Prime Minister Deng Xiaoping and appointed Hua Kuo-feng (Guofeng) prime minister and first deputy chairman of the Communist Party.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jul 28
In China a 7.8-8.2 earthquake in the northern city of Tangshan killed at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
Links: China, Earthquake     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jul
China completed the construction of a railway between Tanzania and Zambia.
Links: China, Tanzania, Zambia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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