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1966 Jun
Radicals hounded Peng Zhen from office as mayor of Beijing under charges that he had transformed Beijing into a personal empire in opposition to Mao’s policies.
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1966 Aug 31
In China a response to Mao’s call for a Cultural Revolution led to a massacre in Hongsheng, one of 13 communes in Beijing’s Daxing district, that left 110 people dead. The official death toll for all 13 communes was put at 324. Over 2 weeks some 2,000 Beijing residents were killed.
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1966
William Hinton (1919-2004) authored “Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village.”
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1966
Lao She (b.1899), author, committed suicide. His work included the play "Teahouse" and the novel "Rickshaw Boy."
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1966
1976
The period of Mao’s "Cultural Revolution." Scholars later believed that over 1 million people were killed or driven to suicide in China during this period. In 1986 Tang Tsou, Univ of Chicago Prof., authored "The Cultural Revolution and Post-Mao Reforms: A Historical Perspective."
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1966
Chen Mengjia (b.1911), Chinese poet, oracle-bone scholar and spiritual opponent of the Communist’s simplification of the writing system, committed suicide.
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1967 Jun 17
China detonated its 1st hydrogen bomb and became the world's 4th thermo-nuclear power.
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1967 Aug 7
A speech by Wang Li to the Red Guards led their violent takeover of the Foreign Ministry building. In the weeks that followed they rampaged among foreign diplomats and often beat envoys.
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1967 Aug 22
The British Mission in Beijing surrendered to the Red Guards.
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1967 Sep
The government delegations of China, Tanzania and Zambia held talks in Beijing and formally signed the "Agreement of the Government of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania and the Government of the Republic of Zambia on the Construction of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway".
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1967 Oct 17
Aisin-Gioro Henry Puyi (61), the last emperor of China, died of cancer. Official reports said his death occurred while under persecution from ultra-leftists of the Cultural Revolution.
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1967
1982
Wang Li, close associate to Mao Zedong, was jailed. He had been deputy editor-in-chief of the party magazine, Red Flag, and was accused of inciting the Red Guards to violence.
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1967
Liu Shaoqi (d.1969), president of China since 1959, and his wife Wang Guangmei were put under house arrest in Beijing. The couple were soon separated and imprisoned. Liu died in prison. Wang Guangmei (d.2006) spent nearly 12 years in prison before she was released in 1979.
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1968 Oct 31
Liu Shaoqi (1898-1968), president of China since 1959, was ousted.
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1968
Chuang Hua (1931-2000), the pen name of Stella Yang Copley, authored her novel “Crossings,” an experimental novel on the life of a first generation Chinese-American woman.
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1968
China established a research center to prepare for manned space flight, with 1973 target date for launch. Program later canceled because of lack of money and political support.
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1969 Mar 2
Chinese and Russian soldiers clashed on Damansky Island and approximately 70 died. The Soviet and Chinese border troops had been skirmishing since 1959 along the 2,500 mile border. Recent skirmishes were along the Ussuri River border. The Soviets used a full scale tank assault to repulse a Chinese attack on the island of Damansky. A border treaty in the 1990s gave the island to China.
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1969 Mar 15
A violent Chinese-Russian border dispute left 100s dead.
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1969 Apr 1
Lin Biao (1907-1971) was named Mao's constitutional successor. Chinese historical accounts later said Biao showed his true nature two years later as a murderous opportunist obsessed with seizing power.
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1969 Jun 11
Soviet and Chinese troops clashed on Sinkiang border.
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1969 Nov 12
Liu Shaoqi (b.1898), former Chinese president (1959-1968), died after being tortured in prison.
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1969
In Cuba Christmas was dropped as a holiday by the Castro government.
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1970 Jan 5
In China a 7.7 earthquake in Yunnan province killed over 15,000 people and was covered up by authorities amid the chaos of the cultural revolution.
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1970 Apr 24
China launched its 1st satellite, known as China 1 or Mao 1, to orbit on a Long March rocket. It kept transmitting a song, "The East is Red." China became the fifth country to launch a satellite into space, sending up the Dongfanghong-1, which means "The East is Red."
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1970 Oct 13
Canada established diplomatic relations with China.
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1970 Oct
China began construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
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1970 Nov 20
UN General Assembly accepted membership of the People’s Republic of China.
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1970
Cambodia's Prince Norodom Sihanouk fled to China and began compiling his Bulletin Mensuel de Documentation (Monthly Documentation Bulletin). The bulletin continued on an off thru 2003.
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1970
China established relations with Ethiopia.
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1970
Wang Jinxi (47), icon of Chinese communism, died. Known as the “iron man,” he helped turn Daqing into China’s biggest oil production center.
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1970
1980
Some 94% of China's villagers were covered by cooperative medical schemes. But the collectives were disbanded during market reforms of the 1980s which ended cradle-to-grave welfare for the masses.
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1970
China opened its Sandaoling coal mine on the edge of Xinjiang province.
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1971 Apr 10
The American table tennis team arrived in China.
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1971 Apr 14
President Nixon ended a blockade against People's Republic of China.
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1971 Apr
The world table tennis championship was held in Japan. Zhuang Zedong (d.2013 at 72) of China met Glenn Cowan of Santa Monica and their friendship inspired Chairman Mao to invite the American team to China thus starting ping-pong diplomacy.
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1971 Jul 9
Henry Kissinger secretly visited China and met with Premier Zhou Enlai.
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1971 Jul 15
President Nixon announced he would visit the People's Republic of China to seek a "normalization of relations."
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1971 Sep 13
Lin Biao (b.1907) died in a plane crash in Mongolia as he was trying to flee to the Soviet Union after the unsuccessful plot to assassinate Mao. He was once designated as Mao's "closest comrade in arms" and hand-picked to be the chairman's successor.
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1971 Oct 25
The UN General Assembly voted to admit the People’s Republic of China and expel Nationalist China (Taiwan).
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1971 Nov 23
The People's Republic of China was seated in the UN Security Council. The UN vote to admit was Oct 25.
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1972 Feb 17
President Nixon departed on his historic 10-day trip to China.
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1972 Feb 21
Pres. Nixon began his visit to China as he and his wife arrived in Shanghai. He was the 1st US president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the US. He brought along a bottle of Schramsberg sparkling wine from California.
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1972 Feb 22
President Nixon met with Mao Tse-tung in Peking and Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing. In 2006 Margaret McMillan authored “Seize the Hour: When Nixon Met Mao.”
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1972 Feb 28
President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai signed the Shanghai Communique at the Jin Jiang Hotel Assembly Hall on the last night of Nixon’s visit.
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1972 Mar 12
The U.K. and China agreed to establish a full diplomatic relationship. China, newly admitted to the UN, said it wanted Hong Kong back.
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1972 Apr 16
The Republic of China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing (d.1999) and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
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1972 Sep 28
Japan and Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
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1972 Nov 22
US Pres. Nixon ended a 22 year travel ban to China. The ban had been put in place on February 8, 1963.
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1972
Chen Yifei (b.1946), Shanghai born artist, painted "Eulogy of the Yellow River," as China’s Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. From 1980 to 1996 he worked in the US and became known as the Norman Rockwell of China.
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1972
The documentary film "Chung Kuo China" was directed by Michelangelo Antonioni at the behest of the Chinese government during the cultural revolution.
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1972
The Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. Toxins from cities and factories continued to make the river unfit for irrigation and human use along much of its route.
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1972
1974
Ji Pengfei (1910-2000) served as China’s foreign minister. He later headed the committee that drafted the Basic Law, a mini-constitution for Hong Kong after the 1997 handover.
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1972
1974
The Dalai Lama urged Tibetan fighters to return to India. Many committed suicide rather than give up the fight against Chinese rule.
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1973 Feb 22
The United States and Communist China agreed to establish liaison offices.
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1973 Nov 10
In China Henry Kissinger (b.1923) briefed Zhou Enlai (1898-1976) in the Great Hall of the People about the Soviets and said that it was in the interests of the US to prevent a Soviet nuclear attack on China.
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1973 Nov 14
In China Henry Kissinger and Zhou Enlai agreed to provide China with satellite intelligence on Soviet military buildup "in a manner so that no one feels we are allies."
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1973
Jean Pasqualini (1926-1997) authored "Prisoner of Mao" with journalist Rudolph Chelminski. He told of his 7 years in China as a political prisoner in a labor camp. He was born in Beijing to a Corsican father and Chinese mother, Mr. Pasqualini was educated in French and British schools in Tianjin and Shanghai. His Chinese name was Bao Ruowang.
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1973
The Organization of Chinese Americans was founded.
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1974 Jan 17
1974 Jan 19
China occupied the Paracel Islands following the Battle of Hoang Sea, a bloody skirmish with Vietnam. Dozens of South Vietnamese sailors drowned in a vain attempt to stop China’s annexation of the Paracel archipelago.
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1974 Feb 4
Mao Tse-tung proclaimed a new "cultural revolution" in China.
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