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1991 Mar
In 1996 Pentagon officials said American troops destroyed an Iraqi ammunition depot in March 1991 that may have contained chemical weapons.
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1991 Apr 2
Iraqi state media reported that only a few more days were needed to stamp out fighting with Kurdish rebels, who reported renewed skirmishes around the strategic oil center of Kirkuk.
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1991 Apr 3
The UN Security Council adopted a Gulf War truce resolution demanding that Iraq abolish weapons of mass destruction, renounce terrorism and pay reparations.
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1991 Apr 5
The UN adopted Resolution 688, which condemned Sadam Hussein’s suppression of the Kurds and demanded respect and political rights for all citizens. A safe haven was established above Iraq’s 36th parallel.
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1991 Apr 6
Iraq reluctantly agreed to accept United Nations conditions for ending the Persian Gulf War.
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1991 Apr 7
US military planes began airdropping supplies to Kurdish refugees who were facing starvation and exposure in the snow-covered mountains of northern Iraq. The United States warned Iraq not to interfere with the relief effort.
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1991 Apr 8
US Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third toured refugee camps near the Iraqi border, praising relief efforts but saying "hope must be given to these people for a return to home."
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1991 Apr 10
The US and Britain imposed a no-fly zone to protect 3 Kurdish provinces in northern Iraq.
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1991 Apr 11
U.N. Security Council issued a formal cease fire with Iraq to end the Gulf War.
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1991 Apr 12
Kurdish rebels reported the Iraqi army was attacking guerrillas in northern Iraq.
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1991 Apr 13
Speaking at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Alabama, President Bush warned Iraq the United States would "not tolerate any interference" with the international relief effort for Kurdish refugees.
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1991 Apr 14
The final withdrawal of American combat troops from southern Iraq began, 88 days after the United States launched its massive offensive to drive Saddam Hussein’s forces from Kuwait.
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1991 Apr 15
Turkey began moving thousands of Iraqi Kurds from a border settlement to camps farther inside Turkey, in a major policy shift for President Turgut Ozal’s government, which had previously kept the refugees in the mountains.
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1991 Apr 16
President Bush announced that US forces would be sent into northern Iraq to assist Kurdish refugees.
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1991 Apr 20
US Marines landed in northern Iraq to begin building the first center for Kurdish refugees on Iraqi territory. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the US commander of Operation Desert Storm, left Saudi Arabia for home.
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1991 Apr 21
US Marines in northern Iraq began building the first safe-haven settlement for Kurdish refugees. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf arrived at MacDill Air Force Base in Florida to a hero’s welcome.
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1991 Apr 24
A Kurdish rebel leader announced the guerrillas had reached an agreement in principle with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to end the Kurds’ two-week rebellion.
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1991 Apr 25
The US White House threatened to "take whatever steps are necessary" should Iraq fail to meet a deadline for withdrawing its security forces from the refugee zone in northern Iraq.
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1991 Apr 27
A group of 250 Kurds became the first refugees to move into a new US-built camp in northern Iraq.
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1991 Apr 29
US troops continued airlifting Iraqi refugees from a camp in southern Iraq to Saudi Arabia.
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1991 Apr
In the Desert Storm War an Iraqi chemical weapons storage site near al Nasiriyah, northwest of Basra, was destroyed by Army engineers wearing masks and protective rubber suits.
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1991 May 2
US, British, French and Dutch forces plunged 50 miles deeper into northern Iraq.
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1991 May 9
President Bush met at the White House with UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, who relayed Iraq’s rejection of a US-backed proposal for a UN civilian force in northern Iraq.
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1991 May 19
Martial-law courts in Kuwait began trying people accused of collaborating with Iraqi occupation forces, sentencing one man to life in prison for wearing a Saddam Hussein T-shirt. The trials came under international criticism, and were halted.
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1991 Jun 29
President Bush, speaking to reporters in Kennebunkport, Maine, refused to rule out the possibility of renewed military action against Iraq, calling its interference with UN inspectors "very disturbing."
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1991 Jul 8
Reversing earlier denials, Iraq disclosed for the first time that it was carrying out a nuclear weapons program, including the production of enriched uranium.
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1991 Jul 25
A deadline for Iraq to provide full details of its weapons of mass destruction passed, with US officials indicating military action was not imminent.
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1991 Jul 28
President Bush warned Iraq it would be making "an enormous mistake" if it failed to disclose its nuclear weapons program to United Nations inspectors.
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1991 Aug 15
The UN Security Council, by a vote of 13-to-one, authorized Iraq to export one-point-six billion dollars’ worth of oil in a tightly controlled sale to pay for desperately needed food and medicine.
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1991 Aug 17
Iraq said it would "play host" to all foreign citizens in the country who were from "aggressive nations," and place them in military and civilian targets until the threat of war was over.
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1991 Aug
American soldiers detected mustard agent from their Fox mobile chemical-detection laboratory in a large metal tank in Kuwait that was probably left behind by retreating Iraqi forces.
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1991 Sep 19
UN Resolution 712 allowed a partial lifting of the embargo against Iraq for humanitarian purposes.
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1991 Sep 20
U.N. weapons inspectors left Bahrain for Iraq to renew their search for Iraqi weapons of mass destruction.
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1991 Sep 23
UN weapons inspectors in Baghdad discovered documents detailing Iraq's secret nuclear weapons program and said Iraq was close to building a bomb. This triggered a standoff with Iraqi authorities.
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1991 Sep 28
U.N. weapons inspectors ended a five-day standoff with Iraq over documents relating to Iraq's nuclear weapons program.
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1991 Oct
A US inspection team which had returned to the site of Kamisiyah, Iraq, filed a report that quoted Iraqi officials as suggesting that the detonated bunker had contained chemical agents.
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1991 Nov 6
Kuwait celebrated the dousing of the last oil fires ignited by Iraq during the Persian Gulf War. Iraqi forces had blown up an estimated 732 Kuwaiti oil wells.
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1991
The US scattered some 118,000 land mines in Iraq and Kuwait during the Gulf War.
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1991
Oriana Fallaci recorded the poignant soliloquy of Dakel Abbas (21), a drafted Iraqi soldier recovering from wounds in Kuwait. In 2002 Fallaci authored "The Rage and the Pride."
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1991
Government forces of Iraq began battling the Supreme Assembly for the Islamic Revolution.
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1991
142 aircraft were flown to Iran from Iraq to escape destruction at the outset of the Gulf War. Tehran repainted the planes and used them for its own forces. In 1997 Iraq appealed to the UN for help in getting the planes back.
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1991
In Iraq in the first 8 months following the war some 47,000 children under the age of 5 died from war-related causes.
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1991
In Mahaweel, Iraq, every day for three weeks, Iraqi soldiers brought truckloads of rebellious Shiite Muslims to a lonely cornfield near the ruins of Babylon. The victims were shoved into shallow pits and shot. Bulldozers pushed the earth over them, burying some alive. In 2003 a mass grave yielded more than 3,100 bodies. Local Iraqis said as many as 12,000 other bodies from the same massacre might be buried in the area.
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1991
The International Atomic Energy Agency placed a seal over storage bunkers holding conventional explosives known as HMX and RDX and PETN at the Al-Qaqaa facility south of Baghdad as part of U.N. sanctions that ordered the dismantlement of Iraq's nuclear program.
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1991
The United Nations Compensation Commission was established after the allies’ victory in the Gulf War to settle claims filed by individuals, corporations and governments who suffered due to the war.
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1991
1999
Operations US Desert Fox, Desert Strike, Northern Watch, Southern Watch, Provide Comfort and others began in Iraq. They cost $7.8 billion and left 26 US casualties.
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1991
General Abdul-Qader Mohammed Jassim al-Mifarji left Saddam Hussein’s army. In 2006 he was appointed as Iraq’s defense minister.
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1992 Jan
In Iraq 80 military officers accused of planning a coup were executed along with 76 anti-regime activists.
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1992 Mar 11
Members of the U.N. Security Council accused Iraq of playing a game of "cheat and retreat" from its promises to disarm and respect its people's human rights; Iraqi deputy prime minister Tariq Aziz lashed back, saying his country was complying with Gulf War cease-fire resolutions.
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1992 Mar 13
The U.N. Security Council stood firm in its demand that Iraq comply totally with Gulf War cease-fire resolutions, rebuffing an appeal for leniency from Saddam Hussein's special envoy, deputy prime minister Tariq Aziz.
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1992 Jul 26
Iraq agreed to permit weapons inspectors to search the Agriculture Ministry in Baghdad.
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1992 Jul 28
Iraq opened its Agricultural Ministry to U.N. weapons experts after a three-week standoff.
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1992 Jul
In Iraq 42 merchants were arrested from Baghdad's wholesale markets and charged with manipulating food supplies to drive up prices as many Iraqis were suffering economically. All 42 were executed hours later following a quick trial. In 2008 Tariq Aziz (72), former deputy prime minister, went on trial as one of 8 defendants charged with the executions.
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1992 Aug 2
A "No-fly" zone was imposed over southern Iraq to stop air attacks on Shiite Muslim rebels.
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1992 Aug 16
On the eve of the Republican National Convention in Houston, President Bush and party officials heatedly denied a report in The New York Times that a confrontation with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was motivated by political concerns.
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1992 Aug 26
The United States, Britain and France imposed a 2nd no-fly zone south of the 32nd parallel, the southern one-third of Iraq aimed at protecting Iraqi Shiite Muslims.
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1992 Aug 27
The US and its allies began air patrols following the imposition of a no-fly zone over southern Iraq to stop air attacks on Shiite Muslim rebels.
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1992 Oct 8
Iraqi police seized at gunpoint American bomb disposal expert Chad Hall, who was working in a disputed and ill-defined border area between Iraq and Kuwait. He was released two days later. [see Oct 10]
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1992 Oct 10
Iraq released U.S. munitions expert Clinton Hall, two days after he'd been taken prisoner in the demilitarized zone separating Iraq and Kuwait.
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1992 Dec 27
The United States shot down an Iraqi fighter jet during what the Pentagon described as a confrontation between a pair of Iraqi warplanes and U.S. F-16 jets in U.N.-restricted airspace over southern Iraq.
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