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1994 Apr 8
About this time the commander of UN forces in Rwanda warned Kofi Annan, head of the UN Peacekeeping operations, that the Kigali government was planning to slaughter Tutsis. Annan’s office ordered Gen’l. Romeo Dallaire of Canada not to protect the informant or to confiscate arms stockpiles. Annan later claimed that he lacked the military might and political backing to stop the slaughter of more than 500,000 people.
Links: Canada, UN, Rwanda     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr 9
Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali ordered U.N. troops to use "all available means" to roll back Serb military gains in the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, Bosnia.
Links: Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr 17
Bosnian Serb tanks entered the Muslim enclave of Gorazde; the UN Security Council issued a nonbinding statement that condemned the Serbs' escalating military activities, but made no threat of force to back its condemnation.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr
Jean-Damascene Bizimana, Rwanda’s UN ambassador, blamed the killings in Rwanda first on public anguish over the president's death, then on the Tutsi-led RPF. He also called on the UN Security Council to persuade the Tutsis to agree to a comprehensive cease-fire. Weeks later, he wrote to the UN secretary general blaming the Tutsi "war machine" for "large-scale massacres." At the end of the summer Bizimana ended his tenure as ambassador and moved to Alabama. In 2010 Rwanda’s government began an investigation of Bizimana (51) for possible prosecution.
Links: USA, UN, Rwanda, Alabama     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 May 17
The U.N. Security Council approved a peacekeeping force and an arms embargo for violence-racked Rwanda.
Links: UN, Rwanda     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1994 May 25
The UN Security Council lifted a 10-year-old ban on weapons exports from South Africa, scrapping the last of its apartheid-era embargoes.
Links: UN, South Africa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 May 30
The U.N. Security Council warned North Korea to stop refueling a nuclear reactor and allow U.N. monitors to perform full inspections.
Links: North Korea, UN, Nuclear     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jul 27
Bosnian Serbs reimposed their blockade of Sarajevo and fired on a U.N. convoy, killing one British soldier and wounding another.
Links: Bosnia, Britain, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jul 31
The U.N. Security Council voted 12-0 with 2 abstentions to authorize member states to use "all necessary means" to oust the military leadership in Haiti.
Links: Haiti, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Aug 1
Supporters of Haiti's military rulers declared their intention to fight back in the face of a U.N. resolution paving the way for a U.S.-led invasion.
Links: Haiti, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1994 Sep 5
A U.N.-sponsored population conference opened in Cairo, Egypt, where Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland lashed out at the Vatican and at Muslim fundamentalists by defending abortion rights and sex education. 179 nations signed a statement to ensure every woman’s right to education and health care and to make choices about childbearing. In 2004 world leaders of 85 nations endorsed the plan but the US refused because the statement mentioned “sexual rights.”
Links: USA, Vatican, UN, Egypt, Women, Sex, Norway, Education     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Sep 13
Some 180 nations at a U.N.-sponsored conference in Cairo, Egypt, adopted a 20-year blueprint for slowing the world's population growth.
Links: UN, Egypt     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Sep 23
The U.N. Security Council rewarded Yugoslavia for sealing its border with Bosnia by easing sanctions in sports, cultural exchanges and air traffic.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN, Yugoslavia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Sep 26
Addressing the U.N. General Assembly, President Clinton announced he had lifted most U.S. sanctions against Haiti and urged other nations to follow suit.
Links: Haiti, USA, UN, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Sep
In Guatemala a 440-member UN human rights mission was installed.
Links: Guatemala, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1994 Oct 3
South African President Nelson Mandela addressed the United Nations, urging the world to support his country's economy.
Links: UN, South Africa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Oct 4
Exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide vowed in an address to the U.N. General Assembly to return to Haiti in 11 days.
Links: Haiti, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Oct 15
Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned to his country, three years after being overthrown by army rulers. The U.N. Security Council welcomed Aristide's return by voting to lift stifling trade sanctions imposed against Haiti. The US had led an invasion, Operation Restore Democracy, to restore Pres. Aristide. Emmanuel "Toto" Constant left Haiti for the US when Jean-Bertrand Aristide was reinstated as president. The US invasion was described in 1999 by Bob Shacochis in "The Immaculate Invasion." Shacochis served there for 18 months as a Special Forces noncombatant.
Links: Haiti, USA, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Nov 8
The UN Security Council established the Int’l. Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to prosecute those responsible for the Rwanda genocide. By 2004 18 people were convicted. In 2004 Sylvestre Gacumbitsi, a former Rwandan mayor, was convicted for his role in the slaughter and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
Links: UN, Rwanda     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Nov 10
Officials said the United States would lift the arms embargo against the Bosnian government, despite opposition of the U.N. Security Council.
Links: Bosnia, USA, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1994 Nov 16
The UN Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), ratified in 1993, took effect. Arvid Pardo (d.1999 at 85), Maltese delegate to the UN, proposed in 1967 that the bounty of the sea should be considered "the common heritage of mankind" and asked that some of the sea's wealth be used to bankroll a fund to help close the gap between rich and poor nations. The International Seabed Authority came into existence as the law took effect. The first Secretary-General of the Authority, Satya Nandan (Fiji) was elected in March 1996, and the Authority became fully operational as an autonomous international organization in June 1996, when it took over the premises and facilities in Kingston, Jamaica. The UN Law of the Sea treaty, which extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore, came into force one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it.
Links: Malta, Environment, UN, Jamaica, Fiji, Fish     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Nov 19
The U.N. Security Council, anxious to stop Serb attacks on the "safe area" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia, authorized NATO to bomb rebel Serb forces striking from neighboring Croatia.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN, Croatia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Dec 3
Rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep a pledge to release hundreds of U.N. peacekeepers, some already held for more than a week.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Dec 4
Bosnian Serbs released 53 of some 400 U.N. peacekeepers held as insurance against further NATO airstrikes.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Dec 31
Bosnian government officials and Bosnian Serb leaders signed a U.N.-brokered cease-fire agreement.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1994
In Mozambique in the first multi-party elections, overseen by 7,000 UN troops, voters chose Joaquim Alberto Chissano, head of Frelima, the formerly Marxist ruling party, as president over Afonso Dhlakama of Renamo. Frelimo was based in the southern port city of Maputo, while Renamo was based in the northern city of Beira.
Links: UN, Mozambique     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994
UNESCO introduced the Marti prize on the initiative of Cuba to recognize an individual or institution contributing to the unity and integration of countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Links: UN, Cuba     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 1
Chile, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Poland and South Korea joined the non-permanent sector of the Security Council.
Links: Guinea-Bissau, Chile, Poland, UN, South Korea, Egypt     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan
British Lieutenant General Rupert Smith, UN commander in Bosnia, arrived in the Bosnian capital and set up an intelligence cell.
Links: Bosnia, Britain, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Feb 8
The U.N. Security Council approved sending 7,000 peacekeepers to Angola to cement an accord ending 19 years of civil war.
Links: Angola, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Feb 28
U.S. Marines swept ashore in Somalia to protect retreating U.N. peacekeepers.
Links: USA, UN, Somalia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Mar 1
Somalia militiamen loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid seized control of the Mogadishu airport after peacekeepers withdrew.
Links: UN, Somalia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Mar 2
The last U.N. peacekeepers in Somalia were evacuated.
Links: UN, Somalia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Apr 1
U.N. peacekeepers officially took over from the U.S.-led multinational force in Haiti.
Links: Haiti, USA, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Apr 14
The UN Security Council (Resolution 986) gave permission to Iraq, still under sanctions for its invasion of Kuwait, to sell $2 billion dollars' worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other supplies. Iraq later rejected the offer.
Links: Iraq, Oil, UN, Food     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1995 May 1
The Croatian army captured the Serb enclave of Western Slavonia in its first major bid to retake occupied territories. In reply the Krajina Serbs launched a rocket attack on Zagreb, the Croatian capital. Milan Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, ordered the shelling of Zagreb.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN, Croatia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 May 11
A United Nations conference indefinitely extended the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which was originally set to expire after 25 years. The 5 nuclear nations agreed this year that steps toward disarmament should not have to await universal disarmament.
Links: UN, Nuclear     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 May 24
Gen. Janvier told the UN Security Council that the Bosnian government forces were sufficient to defend Srebrenica, that UN troops should be withdrawn and that NATO air power was not needed.
Links: Bosnia, NATO, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 May 25
NATO warplanes struck Bosnian Serb headquarters. Serbs answered with swift defiance, storming UN weapons depots, attacking safe areas and taking peacekeepers as hostages.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, NATO, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 May 30
In a letter to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic demanded guarantees of no further NATO air attacks and de facto recognition of a self-styled Serb state.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, NATO, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 May 31
President Clinton declared he was ready to permit the temporary use of American ground forces in Bosnia to help UN peacekeepers move to safer positions if necessary.
Links: Bosnia, USA, UN, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jun 4
French General Bernard Janvier, supreme UN military commander in the former Yugoslavia, met with Bosnian Serb military commander, Ratko Mladic. He pleaded for the release of UN captives and offered to halt future NATO air attacks.
Links: Bosnia, France, Serbia, NATO, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jun 7
Two buses carrying 108 UN peacekeepers freed by the Bosnian Serbs crossed into Serbia.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jun 9
UN representative Akashi summoned Gens. Janvier and Smith to resolve their differences over military policies in Bosnia. Shortly after Yasushi Akashi publicly affirmed that the UN would abide by peacekeeping principles - shorthand for no more air attacks.
Links: Bosnia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jun 18
The Bosnian Serbs announced the resumption of cooperation with the UN. Serbs released the last 26 UN hostages held since NATO airstrikes. A planned NATO air strike was vetoed.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, NATO, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Jun 26
President Clinton observed the 50th anniversary of the United Nations at the site of its birth in San Francisco.
Links: USA, UN, SF, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 6
At 3:15AM The UN safe area at Srebrenica came under attack by the Bosnian Serb army’s Drina corps under Genl. Radislav Krstic, and some 7,500 Muslim men and boys were killed.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     More  Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 7
UN military observers in Bosnia appealed to the UN to "stop the carnage and damage in a UN declared safe zone."
Links: Bosnia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 11
1995 Jul 16
In the Srebrenica Massacre buses arrived to take women and children to Muslim territory, while the Serbs began separating out all men from age 12 to 77 for "interrogation for suspected war crimes". It is estimated that 23,000 women and children were deported in the next 30 hours while hundreds of men were held in trucks and warehouses. On 13 July killings of unarmed Muslims took place in one such warehouse in the nearby village of Kravica. By July 16 Early reports of massacres emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Between July 11 and July 16 more than 7,000 unarmed Muslim men are thought to have been killed by Serbian forces.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, Netherlands, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 12
In Bosnia Momir Nikolic, an intelligence officer, was nearby when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their headless corpses loaded onto trucks.
Links: Bosnia, UN     More  Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Jul 16
Early reports of massacres in Bosnia emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Following negotiations between the UN and the Bosnian Serbs, the Dutch were at last permitted to leave Srebrenica, leaving behind weapons, food and medical supplies.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, Netherlands, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 23
The United Nations ordered the first combat unit from its rapid reaction force to Sarajevo to take out any rebel Serb guns that fire at U.N. peacekeepers.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 25
Radovan Karadzic and Gen’l. Ratko Mladic and 22 other Serbs were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Hague Tribunal for commanding forces responsible for sniping in Serajevo and for genocide and crimes against humanity. Also indicted was Milan Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, for ordering the shelling of Zagreb in May ‘95.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN, Croatia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul 26
The US Senate voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the UN embargo on arms shipments to Bosnia.
Links: Bosnia, USA, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jul
Drazen Erdemovic (24), an ethnic Croat, participated in killing 70 men at Srebrenica. He later admitted that victims were shot in the back in groups of 10 by himself and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Army’s 10th Sabotage Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he refused to follow orders. In Nov 1996, the UN War Tribunal sentenced him to ten years in prison.
Links: Bosnia, UN, Croatia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1995 Sep 3
Testing Serb will, the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn’t end.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Sep 9
Bosnian Serbs blamed UN forces for a shell that killed ten people at a Bosnian Serb hospital the day before.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Sep 15
The UN Fourth World Conference on Women adjourned in Beijing after approving a wide-ranging platform running the gamut from promoting inheritance rights to condemning rape in wartime. The Beijing Platform, signed by 189 states, urged a review of all laws that punish women for having abortions.
Links: China, UN, Women, Medical, Rape     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Oct 22
The largest gathering of world leaders in history marked the 50th anniversary of the United Nations.
Links: UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Nov 10
Dario Kordic, ex-chairman of the Croatian Party in Bosnia, and Gen’l. Tihomir Blaskic, former leader of the Bosnian Croat militia, were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for commanding forces responsible that killed hundreds of Muslims in Central Bosnia in 1992-93.
Links: Bosnia, UN, Croatia, Genocide     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
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