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1741 Jan 14
Benedict Arnold, U.S. General turned traitor, was born.
Links: USA, Espionage     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1742 Jan 14
English astronomer Edmond Halley, who observed the comet that now bears his name, died at age 85. In 2005 Julie Wakefield authored “Halley’s Quest,” in which she covered Halley’s travels to Brazil to map the Atlantic’s magnetic declinations and hopefully solve the problem of calculating longitude.
Links: Britain, Astronomy     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1797 Jan 14
Napoleon Bonaparte defeated Austrians at Rivoli in northern Italy.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1814 Jan 14
The Treaty of Kiel or Peace of Kiel was concluded between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Sweden on one side and the Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway on the other side in Kiel. It ended the hostilities between the parties in the ongoing Napoleonic Wars, where the United Kingdom and Sweden were part of the anti-French camp (the Sixth Coalition) while Denmark-Norway was allied to Napoleon Bonaparte.
Links: Britain, Sweden, Ireland, Denmark, Norway, Greenland     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1867 Jan 14
Jean-August-Dominique Ingres, a French neo-classical painter, and one of the major portrait painters of the 19th century, died.
Links: Artist, France     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1878 Jan 14
In Hall v. Decuir, 95 U.S. 485, the United States Supreme Court ruled that common carriers (rail, ferry, riverboat, and other modes of transportation) could not discriminate based on race (13th Amendment) in interstate travel. US Supreme court ruled that race separation on trains was unconstitutional. The decision did not, however, stop railroad companies from discriminating.
Links: USA, Black History     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1897 Jan 14
The 6,960-m (22,834') Cerro Aconcagua in Argentina was 1st climbed.
Links: Argentina     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1898 Jan 14
Author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson -- better known as "Alice in Wonderland" creator Lewis Carroll -- died in Guildford, England. In 2008 Robin Wilson authored “Lewis Carroll in Numberland: His Fantastical Mathematical Logical Life.”
Links: Britain, Writer, Biography     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1927 Jan 14
Mary Livingstone (born as Sadye Marks) married Jack Benny. She appeared as Mary Livingstone on The Jack Benny Program (also called The Jack Benny Show ) through its various sponsors on radio and then to television--until 1965. Jack Benny, who cultivated a fake personality of a miserly wiseacre, was always willing to be the brunt of jokes and Mary supplied many of them. In fact, Benny credited his wife with the biggest laugh of the long-running comedy--bigger than the famous "Your money or your life" routine--not with a joke, but with three simple words: "Oh, shut up." They were married until his death in 1974. She wrote a memoir about him in 1978.
Links: USA, Radio     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1936 Jan 14
American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth and Canadian pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon were rescued by the research ship Discovery II. The pair had made the first flight across Antarctica, 2,300 miles from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea. They landed when their plane's engine faltered, and waited in the previously constructed shelter at Little America for a month to be picked up. After his earlier attempts to cross Antarctica failed, Ellsworth set out with Hollick-Kenyon in the Northrop Gamma monoplane, Polar Star, and succeeded. Part of the area that Ellsworth and Hollick-Kenyon flew over in 1935 has been named the Ellsworth Highlands.
Links: Canada, Aviation, Antarctica, Explorer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1950 Jan 14
US recalled all consular officials from China.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1951 Jan 14
The US Army’s X Corps under Major Gen. Edward Almond ordered the methodical destruction of dwellings and other buildings forward of front lines in South Korea and recommended the use of air power.
Links: USA, South Korea     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1953 Jan 14
Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country's Parliament.
Links: Yugoslavia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1953 Jan 14
In Washington DC the Pennsylvania Railroad's Federal, the overnight train from Boston, crashed into the Union Station. Remarkably, no one was killed.
Links: USA, Train Crash, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1967 Jan 14
The great Human Be-In was held in Golden Gate Park and drew national attention to the Haight-Ashbury scene. Allen Cohen, editor of a paper called the Oracle, came up with the idea. It was here that Timothy Leary proclaimed "Turn on, Tune in, Drop out." At the Gathering of the Tribes Allen Ginsberg is credited with coining the term "Flower Power."
Links: USA, SF, Sociology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1968 Jan 14
The Green Bay Packers under Vince Lombardi, after winning its third consecu-tive NFL championship, won the 2nd Super Bowl Football game over the Oakland Raiders. This was Lombardi's last game as coach of the Packers. The game drew the first $3 million gate in football history. In 1999 David Maraniss authored "When Pride Still Mattered: A Life of Vince Lombardi."
Links: USA, Wisconsin, Football     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Jan 14
US forces in Vietnam launched Operation Niagara I to locate enemy units around the Marine base at Khe Sanh.
Links: USA, Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969 Jan 14
An explosion on the US carrier Enterprise, 75 miles from Hawaii, resulted in 28 dead and over 300 injured.
Links: USA, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Jan 14
Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.
Links: USA, Nevada, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Jan 14
Denmark’s King Frederik IX (b.1899) died. He was succeeded by Queen Margrethe II (b.1940).
Links: Denmark     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972 Jan 14
"Sanford & Son" premiered on NBC TV. It starred Desmond Wilson and Red Foxx and became the most successful black-oriented series in TV history. The series ended in 1977.
Links: USA, Black History, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Jan 14
The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), created in 1938 to inquire into subversive activities in the US, was terminated following the efforts of the National Committee to Abolish HUAC, co-founded by Richard Criley (d.2000 at 88). In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security". When the House abolished the committee, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee.
Links: USA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Jan 14
Donald Neilson (1936-1911) kidnapped heiress Lesley Whittle (17) from her bedroom in Highley, Shropshire. Her body was found on 7 March 1975, hanging from a wire at the bottom of a drainage shaft following failed attempts at ransom. Neilson received five life sentences in July 1976 for the murder of Whittle.
Links: Britain, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jan 14
"Bionic Woman," with Lindsay Wagner, debuted on ABC (later NBC).
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jan 14
Abdul Razak (b.1922), Malaysia’s 2nd prime minister, died. His son Najib Razak (23) was soon elected to parliament.
Links: Malaysia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1978 Jan 14
Blossom Rock (b.1895), actress, died. She played Grandmamma on the TV Addams Family. She was born as Edith Marie Blossom MacDonald, the sister of the late actress and singer Jeanette MacDonald.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978 Jan 14
In Japan the 7.0 Izu-Oshima earthquake damaged nine railway and four road tunnels in a limited area. 25 people were killed.
Links: Japan, Earthquake     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980 Jan 14
UN voted 104-18 to deplore the Soviet Afghan acts.
Links: Russia, UN, USSR, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Jan 14
the US FCC freed radio stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wished.
Links: USA, Radio, FCC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1983 Jan 14
In Iowa Terry Branstad (b.1946) began serving as governor and continued to 1999 after which he became president of Des Moines Univ. In 2011 he began serving a 5th term as governor of Iowa.
Links: USA, Iowa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1984 Jan 14
Ray Kroc (b.1902), founder of MacDonalds and owner San Diego Padres, died.
Links: USA, California, Baseball, Food     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jan 14
Donna Reed (b.1921), actress (Donna Reed Show, Dallas), died of cancer in Beverly Hills, Ca., at age 64.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jan 14
In Guatemala, Vinicio Cerezo (b.1942) began serving as president.
Links: Guatemala     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jan 14
Sam Wagstaff, photo collector, died. His collection of 7,500 prints was sold to the Getty Museum in 1984 for a reported $5 million.
Links: USA, Photography     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Jan 14
The IMF and Indonesia agreed to a strengthened economic restructuring plan.
Links: Indonesia, IMF     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1988 Jan 14
With the United States abstaining, the U.N. Security Council voted 14-0 to call on Israel to stop deporting Palestinians and to allow those already expelled to return.
Links: USA, UN, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Jan 14
President Reagan delivered his 331st and last weekly radio address, telling listeners, "Believe me, Saturdays will never seem the same. I'll miss you." In 2001 Peggy Noonan authored the Reagan biography "When character Was King."
Links: USA, Biography, ReaganR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Jan 14
The Denver Broncos and the San Francisco 49ers earned a trip to the Super Bowl by winning the American and National Football Conference championships.
Links: USA, Colorado, SF, Football     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Jan 14
With time running out before a United Nations deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, Iraq’s National Assembly voted to give President Saddam Hussein full authority over the Persian Gulf crisis.
Links: Iraq, UN, Kuwait     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Jan 14
Historic Mideast peace talks continued in Washington, with Israel and Jordan holding their first-ever formal negotiations, and the Israelis continuing exchanges with Palestinian representatives.
Links: USA, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1993 Jan 14
Retreating from a campaign promise, President-elect Clinton said he would continue President Bush's policy of forcibly returning Haitian boat people to Haiti.
Links: Haiti, USA, ClintonB, BushHW     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1993 Jan 14
Talk show host David Letterman announced he was moving from NBC to CBS.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1993 Jan 14
In Colombia the Galeras Volcano erupted as 15 people gathered at the crater. Only 6 survived. In 2001 Stanley Williams and Fen Montaigne authored "Surviving Galeras."
Links: Colombia, Volcano     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 14
In post-Cold War breakthroughs, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Kremlin accords to stop aiming missiles at any nation and to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.
Links: Russia, Ukraine, USA, Nuclear, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 14
In Phoenix, Ariz., Shane Stant, who admitted to being the "hit man" in the clubbing assault on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan, surrendered to authorities.
Links: USA, Arizona, Skating     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Jan 14
Russian troops in the breakaway republic of Chechnya captured the Council of Ministers building, a key rebel position in the capital Grozny.
Links: Russia, Chechnya     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 14
Pope John Paul II addressed a huge rally in Manila, urging young people to reject cynicism.
Links: Philippines, Vatican     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jan 14
The Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Indianapolis Colts, 20-to-16, to win the AFC championship. The Dallas Cowboys beat the Green Bay Packers, 38-to-27, to win the NFC championship.
Links: Football     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jan 14
Eric Briault (84), English educationalist, died.
Links: Education     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jan 14
Several thousand government, Serb and Croat troops withdrew from their front-line trenches and bunkers across central and northeastern Bosnia, beating a deadline to create buffer zones.
Links: Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1997 Jan 14
The China Agribusiness Development Trust and Investment Corp. (CADTIC), set up in 1988 to channel domestic and foreign funds into the agricultural sector, was closed with reports of being involved in smuggling, tax evasion and ruinous real estate speculation.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 14
The US House Ethics Committee's ranking Democrat, Jim McDermott of Washington state, removed himself from the investigation of Speaker Newt Gingrich, bowing to pressure concerning his role in the handling of an illegally taped phone call involving the House leader.
Links: USA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 14
The US mediated an agreement was reached on Hebron. Palestinian police would be allowed to carry limited-range weapons in buffer zones between them and Jewish settlers. Israel committed to reopening a central road and Palestinian market.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 14
In China the China Agribusiness Development Trust and Investment Corp. (CADTIC), set up in 1988 to channel domestic and foreign funds into the agricultural sector, was closed with reports of being involved in smuggling, tax evasion and ruinous real estate speculation.
Links: China, Govm’t Scandal, Agriculture     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 14
In Zambia two officers told a court in Lukasa that they were tortured into accusing Kenneth Kaunda of plotting a failed coup.
Links: Zambia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1998 Jan 14
Whitewater prosecutors questioned Hillary Rodham Clinton at the White House for 10 minutes about the gathering of FBI background files on past Republican political appointees. Sources quoted Mrs. Clinton as saying she knew nothing about any such collection of files.
Links: USA, FBI, Arkansas     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 14
NBC agreed to pay Warner Bros. $13 million per episode to retain the highly-rated TV show "ER."
Links: TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 14
Internal company documents revealed that R.J. Reynolds actively advertised to lure teenagers as young as 12 to smoke cigarettes.
Links: Smoking     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 14
An int’l. agreement on Antarctica took effect that banned mining and oil drilling for 50 years and forbade a wide range of environmental hazards including pesticides and dogs.
Links: Environment, Antarctica     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 14
In Montenegro riot police clashed with some 10,000 protestors who attacked government buildings the day before the inauguration of Milan Djukanovic, who favors autonomy from Serbia.
Links: Montenegro, Serbia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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