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1519 Jan 12
Maximilian I of Hapsburg (59), Holy Roman Emperor and German Kaiser, died.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1729 Jan 12
Edmund Burke (d.1797), British politician and author, was born in Dublin. Burke advocated consistent and sympathetic treatment of the American colonies: "A very great part of the mischiefs that vex this world arises from words."
Links: Britain, Ireland, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1848 Jan 12
Sicilians in Palermo proclaimed a Provisional Government. The People proclaimed a constitution and elected a parliament. The Sicilian Republic survived for only 16 months.
Links: Sicily     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1876 Jan 12
Jack London (d.1916), American writer and adventurer, was born in SF at 3rd and Brannon. The original home burned down in the 1906 fire. He is best known for his dog novels "The Call of the Wild" and “White Fang.”
Links: USA, Writer, SF     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1904 Jan 12
Anxious Germans opened fire on Ovaherero at Okahandja. The Herero people of Namibia had risen in rebellion against German colonial rule. The deadly Deutsche Schutzruppe “peacekeeping regiment” quelled the tribes. They eventually annihilated 75% of the Herero and Nama peoples. In 1981 Jon M. Bridgeman authored “The Revolt of the Hereros.”
Links: Germany, Namibia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1912 Jan 12
In Lawrence, Mass., over 20,000 textile factory workers went on strike to protest wage cuts.
Links: USA, Labor, Massachusetts     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1928 Jan 12
Ruth Snyder (b.1895) became the first woman to die in the electric chair. She was electrocuted by “state electrician” Robert G. Elliott at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York, along with Judd Gray, her lover and co-conspirator, for the murder of her husband, Albert on March 20, 1927. This was billed in the press as “The Dumb-Bell Murder.”
Links: USA, New York, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1938 Jan 12
Austria recognized the Franco government in Spain.
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1945 Jan 12
German forces in Belgium retreated in Battle of Bulge.
Links: Belgium     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1947 Jan 12
In Haifa, Palestine, the Stern Gang drove a truckload of explosives into a British police station. 4 people were killed and 140 injured.
Links: Britain, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1948 Jan 12
The Supreme Court ruled that states could not discriminate against law-school applicants because of race. The case involved a black woman, Ada Lois Sipuel (1924-1995), and she earned the right to attend law school in previously segregated Oklahoma. Her lawyer was Thurgood Marshall.
Links: USA, Black History, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1952 Jan 12
The Viet Minh cut the supply lines to the French forces in Hoa Bihn, Vietnam.
Links: Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1954 Jan 12
Austria's worst avalanche killed 200. 9hrs later a 2nd one killed 115.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1956 Jan 12
Frankie Albert (36) was appointed as head coach of the SF 49ers.
Links: USA, SF, Football     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960 Jan 12
The San Francisco Chronicle learned that jazz musician Dave Brubeck had lost $40,000 in bookings on a monthlong Southern tour by his quartet because of black bass player Eugene Wright. Brubeck refused to drop Wright from his group.
Links: USA, Black History, Jazz, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1964 Jan 12
Leftist rebels in Zanzibar, soon joined with Tanganyika to form Tanzania, began their successful revolt against the government. The socialist uprising unseated Sultan Jamshid and was fatal to thousands of Indian and Arabian gentry.
Links: Tanzania     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966 Jan 12
US President Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended.
Links: Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966 Jan 12
"Batman" with Adam West & Burt Ward premiered on ABC TV and continued to 1968. Frank Gorshin (1933-2005) played the Riddler. In 1967 Yvonne Craig (1937-2015) joined the show as Batgirl and alter ego Barbara Gordon.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969 Jan 12
The New York Jets defeated the Baltimore Colts, 16-7, in Super Bowl III at the Orange Bowl in Miami.
Links: USA, New York, Maryland, Florida, Football     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Jan 12
In Nigeria the 30-month civil war ended. The Biafran forces surrendered after nearly a million ethnic Igbos died mostly of hunger and disease. Emeka Ojukwu had led some 40 million Igbos in secession. In 2008 Nigeria paid the pension of Ojukwu and 63 other former rebels as part of efforts to heal wounds. In 2007 Pres. Obasanjo declared Jan 15 as “Armed Forces Remembrance Day" in honor of the soldiers that died in the war.
Links: Nigeria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1971 Jan 12
The situation comedy "All in the Family" with Carroll O’Connor (1924-2001) as Archie Bunker, began on CBS TV and ran to 1983. It later became "Archie Bunker’s Place." It was the first video-taped sitcom. Producers Bud Yorkin (1926-2015) and Norman Lear adopted the 1964 British series "Till Death Do Us Part," written by Johnny Speight (d.1998 at 78) for the sitcom.
Links: USA, TV, Comedy     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jan 12
Jimmy Carter (b.1924) was sworn in as the 76th governor of Georgia.
Links: GeorgiaUS, USA, CarterJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jan 12
A federal grand jury indicted Rev. Philip Berrigan and 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger. On 5 September 1972 the Justice Department dropped all charges.
Links: USA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jan 12
Dale Bumpers (1925-2016) began serving as the 38th governor of Arkansas and continued to 1975. He then served four terms in the US Senate (1975-1999).
Links: USA, Arkansas     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Jan 12
In San Francisco some 100 cyclists demonstrated outside City Hall over unsafe conditions for bicyclists on Market Street.
Links: USA, Bicycle, SF, Mad Crowd     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1973 Jan 12
Yasir Arafat was re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
Links: Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Jan 12
The Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Minnesota Vikings (16-6) in the Superbowl in New Orleans. Bob McCurry of Chrysler Corp. introduced the auto rebate in a 1975 Superbowl commercial.
Links: USA, Pennsylvania, Cars, Football, Advertising     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jan 12
Dame Agatha Christie (b.1890) (Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan), English mystery writer, died in Wallingford, England. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but is remembered for her 66 mystery novels. Her work with mystery novels, particularly featuring detectives Hercule Poirot or Miss Marple, have given her the title the “Queen of Crime” and made her one of the most important and innovative writers in the development of the mystery novel. Two of her most famous novels might be Murder on the Orient Express (1934) and Death on the Nile (1937).
Links: Britain, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977 Jan 12
Anti-French demonstrations took place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible for the 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes.
Links: France, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977 Jan 12
Henri-Georges Clouzot (b.1907), French film director and producer, died. His films included “Les Diaboliques” (1955) and “La Verite” (1960).
Links: France, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1979 Jan 12
Kenneth Bianchi, LA's Hillside Strangler, was arrested in Bellingham. He and his cousin Angelo Buono (d.2002 at 67) sexually assaulted and murdered as many as 13 young women (12-28) in 1977-1978, and dumping their bodies on LA-area hillsides. Bianchi testified against Buono to escape the death penalty. Buono was convicted on 9 of 10 murder counts and was sentenced to life in prison.
Links: California, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Jan 12
The US District Court in SF sentenced Joseph Bonanno Sr. (75), the reputed NY mafia boss, to serve 5 years in prison. Bonanno was released from prison July 29, 1984.
Links: USA, NYC, SF, Mafia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Jan 12
In Iowa Richard Huntbach (85) and wife Goldie (77) were found shot to death in their home in Waterloo. On May 10, 2012, Jack Wendell Pursel (66) turned himself in to police and confessed to the killing saying he had become a Christian. Months after the Waterloo killings, Pursel began serving a 21-year sentence for two sex offenses; however, he was paroled in 1992. He was completely discharged from his sentence in September of 1995. On June 7, 2012 Pursel pleaded guilty to the Waterloo murders and was sentenced to life in prison.
Links: USA, Murder, Iowa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Jan 12
Peking protested the sale of U.S. planes to Taiwan. The sale set an annual process that continued to 2001.
Links: USA, China, Taiwan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jan 12
Space shuttle Columbia blasted off with a crew that included the first Hispanic-American in space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.
Links: USA, NASA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1987 Jan 12
Neil Goldschmidt (b.1940), former mayor of Portland, began serving a 4-year term as governor of Oregon. He later served under Pres. Carter as Sec. of Transportation. It was later reported that Goldschmidt had engaged in a 3-year relationship, while mayor of Portland, with a girl (14) who babysat his children.
Links: USA, Oregon     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jan 12
Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite arrived in Lebanon on his latest mission to win the release of Western hostages; however, Waite ended up being taken captive himself.
Links: Britain, Lebanon     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Jan 12
Willie Stargell, a 21-year slugger with the Pittsburgh Pirates, was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, N.Y., in his first year of eligibility.
Links: USA, New York, Pennsylvania, Baseball     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Jan 12
President-elect Bush completed the selection of his Cabinet, naming retired Adm. James D. Watkins secretary of energy and former education secretary William J. Bennett drug czar.
Links: USA, BushHW     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Jan 12
Idi Amin was expelled from Zaire (later CongoDRC) and forced to return to Saudi Arabia.
Links: Uganda, Saudi Arabia, CongoDRC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1990 Jan 12
Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Columbia retrieved an 11-ton floating science laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging to Earth.
Links: USA, NASA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Jan 12
Civil Rights activist Rev. Al Sharpton was stabbed in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn.
Links: USA, NYC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Jan 12
Laurence J. Peter (b.1919), author (Peter Principle), died of a stroke.
Links: USA, Writer, Management     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Jan 12
A deeply divided Congress gave President Bush the authority to wage war in the Persian Gulf. The Senate voted 52-to-47 to empower Bush to use armed forces to expel Iraq from Kuwait; the House followed suit on a vote of 250-to-183. 45 of 55 Democratic senators voted against the congressional resolution authorizing the use of force.
Links: USA, Kuwait, BushHW     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Jan 12
The Washington Redskins won the NFC championship, defeating the Detroit Lions 41 to 10; the Buffalo Bills won the AFC title, beating the Denver Broncos 10 to 7.
Links: USA, New York, Football, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1992 Jan 12
HAL, the Heuristically Programmed Algorithmic Computer, from the 1968 Arthur C. Clark and Stanley Kubrick movie and book, “became operational” at the HAL plant in Urbana, Illinois. [1997 article claimed 1/12/97 as birthdate] The book "HAL’s Legacy: 2001’s Computer as Dream and Reality" was published in 1997 by MIT Press. The birthday in the movie was 1/12/92.
Links: USA, Illinois, Computer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Jan 12
One day after the surprise resignation of Algeria's president, Chadli Bendjedid, the army-backed Algerian government canceled parliamentary elections to prevent fundamentalist Muslims from winning power.
Links: Algeria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 12
Pres. Clinton bowed to political pressure and asked that a special prosecutor be named to investigate his 1980's Whitewater land dealings with Arkansas businessman James B. McDougal.
Links: USA, Arkansas, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 12
President Clinton, en route to Russia, nailed down an agreement with Ukraine to eliminate the country's nuclear arsenal, the third-largest in the world.
Links: Ukraine, USA, Nuclear, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 12
In Mexico after an initial hard line, the government agreed to a cease-fire with the Zapatista rebels.
Links: Mexico     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Jan 12
Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges that she had tried to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan; the charges were later dropped.
Links: USA, Minnesota, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 12
In LA, Ca., Judge Ito heard defense arguments for questioning racial attitudes of Detective Mark Fuhrman in the murder trial against OJ Simpson. Fuhrman had found a bloody glove at O.J.'s estate.
Links: USA, California, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 12
In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, an American soldier was killed and another wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer who also was killed.
Links: Haiti, USA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jan 12
Chechen fighters holding more than 100 hostages in the Russian village of Pervomayskaya freed about a dozen of their captives and pledged to release the rest if four top Russian officials took their place.
Links: Russia, Chechnya     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 12
Two recently enrolled female cadets at South Carolina’s Citadel Academy announced they were not returning for the spring semester, citing harassment by male cadets.
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1997 Jan 12
The Green Bay Packers defeated the Carolina Panthers, 30-13, to win the NFC Championship, while the New England Patriots beat the Jacksonville Jaguars 20-6 to claim the AFC Championship.
Links: Wisconsin, Football     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 12
The Atlantis space shuttle went up for a rendezvous with the MIR space station. Jerry Linenger, physician, was to replace astronaut Jim [John] Blaha.
Links: Russia, NASA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 12
In Mexico four generals and a colonel met with Mr. Gonzalez Quirarte, the right-hand man of drug lord, Carillo Fuentes, to arrange protection according to later statements made by Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo.
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1998 Jan 12
In Algeria gangs of men hurled bombs into a mosque in Haouche Sahraoui and a movie theater in Sidi Ahmed and up to 120 people were killed. It coincided with the 6th anniversary of the coup that thwarted the Islamic Salvation Front’s rise to power by cancelled elections. The number killed was reported by local papers to be at least 400.
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1998 Jan 12
In Burundi Hutu rebels attacked army positions and at least 55 people were killed.
Links: Burundi     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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